Causes, Symptoms And Treatment For Vitamin A Deficiency
Insufficient levels or lack of Vitamin A can lead to Vitamin A Deficiency and is known to be the main reason for blindness in children or extreme visual impairment. The deficiency is also known to increase the risk of death in smaller kids.
The deficiency of Vitamin A is also known to be the root of night blindness is expecting mothers and also increases the chance of pregnancy and childbirth related deaths. Normally the demands in terms of nutrition are the highest in the 3rd trimester of the pregnancy. Vitamin A is vital for normal vision to work in a body.
It is also known that lack of Vitamin A also hinders the ability of the body to fight infections. This could lead to other health problems. Kids who have this deficiency may face risk of mortality due to extreme diarrhea, measles or respiration related infections. Even a small deficiency can hinder the development of bones and growth on the whole.
The numbers: This deficiency is found to a larger in countries that are still developing. More than 50% of the countries on earth have this problem and it affects smaller infants and expecting mothers. Now we can see that vitamin A deficiency can lead to many problems.
Vitamin A Deficiency Symptoms: Here is a list of some of the main symptoms that indicate a vitamin A deficiency:
- Poor vision when the light is not good with inability to make out outline of things in poor light
- Eyes that are dry leading to xeropthalmia which is a severe type of night blindness
- Inflammation of the eye leading to eyelids and other tissues near the eye being affected
- The increased susceptibility to infections of urinary tract or respiratory organs in grownups and kids
- Poor growth in kids
- Skin becoming rough and dry.
The Causes for Vitamin A Deficiency:
The best way to overcome an issue is finding the root cause and getting rid of it. In this case getting to the root of what is causing Vitamin A deficiency and ensuring that it is take care of.
- The leading reason for Vitamin A deficiency is poor nutrition. People who eat lesser of animal products may be at an increased risk for this deficiency. Certain vegetables and animal products can circumvent this by being a good source of Vitamin A.
- The milk produced in mother’s breast is a good source of Vitamin A. Infants no being fed breast milk are at a risk for this Vitamin A deficiency.
- If an expectant mother or one who is lactating has a deficiency in terms of Vitamin A then the child also may be subject to this deficiency
- Poor absorption of vitamin A in the body can also lead to this problem. This condition could caused by celiac disease ,sprue, cirrhosis, obstructive jaundice, cystic fibrosis, giardiasis or an excess usage of mineral oil as laxative.
- Excess excretion of urine can also cause Vitamin A deficiency which can occur due to UTI, Tuberculosis, Cancer, nephritis and pneumonia
- Poor retention and storage of Vitamin A in the body due to hepatic disease
Treatment for Vitamin A Deficiency:
You can treat Vitamin A deficiency with the following steps:
- A diet replete with sources of Vitamin A like kidney, liver, cheese, milk, butter and cream. You can also help absorption by eating food through Carotene by eating vegetables that are dark green and also vegetables and fruits that are orange and yellow in hue
- Fortify food with Vitamin A like oils and margarine. Apart from these you can also find cereals, sugar and milk that has been fortified with vitamin A
- You can also consume Vitamin A with injections and medications in the form of supplements
Your doctor will guide you on how to deal with this deficiency as per age and health conditions.